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5362. Power, J.F. (ed.). 1987. The role of legumes in conservation tillage systems.. Soil Cons. Soc. Amer., Ankeny, IA. 153 pp..
Proceedings of a national conference, University of Georgia, Athens, April 27-29, 1987. Excellent reference for the use of legumes in cropping systems and their compatibility with conservation tillage. Major sections include: the need; germplasm resources; nitrogen source; insects and diseases; cropping practices; weed control; erosion and productivity; economics.
187. Allamaras, R.R., S.C. Gupta, J.L. Pikul and C.E. Johnson.. 1980. Soil erosion by water as related to management of tillage and surface residues.. USDA-ARS, Oakland, CA..
Soil erosion by water was estimated for combinations of tillage and residue handling, terracing, and contouring. The Universal Soil Loss Equation was applied for conservation planning. Slope steepness primarily determined which combination of management practices was needed. Erosion could not be held below tolerance values for wheat-fallow sequences on slopes exceeding 20%. T: Distribution of K values within cropland of study area. Cover and management (C) values for study area. Tillage operations in wheat-fallow rotation, and associated reduction in surface residue.
1095. Brown, D.B., D. McCool, R. Papendick, and L. McDonough. 1985. Herbicide residues from winter wheat plots: effect of tillage and crop management.. J. Environ. Science 14:521-532.
Studied the magnitude and persistence of residues of metribuzin and bromoxynil octanoate in winter wheat plots under various tillage management. Herbicide loss was greatest where erosion was high. Herbicide runoff was extended under winter conditions in eastern WA, and there was little movement or degradation of herbicides when the ground was frozen. The half life of metribuzin was 102-112 days.
1219. Caplan, A.J.. 1986. Cost return and relative soil loss comparisons of alternative tillage systems.. MS Thesis.
Minimum tillage is less expensive than conventional. No-till is most expensive due to high chemical inputs. In the low precipitation zone, minimum till was 1.19 times less expenxive than conventional. Annual peas/wheat in high precip. zone was 1.5 times less expensive with min-till than conventional.
1503. Dalley, W.J.. 1970. Alternatives in machinery management on Juab County, Utah dry farms.. M.S. Thesis, USU, Logan, UT.
An economic study of farm size versus per acre equipment costs of production. Machine costs per acre of grain produced and total costs (fuel, labor, plus machinery) for the 3 size classes were, respectively: 100-500 ac. - $10.99, $16.27; 500-1000 ac. - $5.66, $10.25; 1000-2000 ac. - $3.21, $7.13.
1521. Davies, D.B.. 1977. Soil management. 3rd edition.. Farming Press Ltd., Suffolk..
Soil compaction increased chances of root disease (take-all, foot rot); problems of loss of soil structure; leads to reduced fertilizer use efficiency, especially N & P; winter cereals less sensitive to poor structure than spring cereals; 2-3 yr grass/alfalfa stand helps restore structure; benifits of subsoiling on silt soils; best time is when soil is dry.
1819. Elliott, L.F. (ed.). 1987. STEEP - Conservation concepts and accomplishments.. Washington State Univ. Publ., 662pp..
A compilation of 48 papers covering: tillage and plant maagement; erosion and runoff predictions; plant design; pest management; socio-economic; integrated systems; technology transfer for cropping systems; 22 technical notes. T: many
2625. Hoag, D., H. Hinman and T. Hoffman. 1984. 1984 costs of alternative tillage systems, Central Whitman Co., WA. WSU Ext. Serv., Ext. Bull. #850.
Compares the cost of conventional and minimum tillage for a summer fallow-winter wheat-spring barley rotation. 15 to 18 inches of annual precip.
3688. Knight, W.E.. 1987. Germplasm resources for legumes in conservation tillage.. IN: J.F. Power (ed.). The role of legumes in conservation tillage systems. p. 13-19.
Brief summary of legume species grown in the region. Mentions a rotation in the Camas Prairie, ID area of 3 yr alfalfa-WW-SB-AWP. Mentions lupin and chickpea as possible crops in the transition area to substitute for fallow. Mentions sweetclover intercropping with spring barley, with barley yields 85% of normal.
3705. Koehler, F.E.. 1979. Soil fertility management under no-till and minimum tillage systems.. Proc. 13th Ann. Fertilizer Conf. NW, Spokane, WA, July 1979.
Slower residue decomposition, cooler soil temperature under reduced tillage; mostly effects N,P,S; best results with banded fertilizer; more weed growth with broadcast fertilizer; spring wheat most sensitive to fertilizer placement. T: fertilizer X yield, placement