2011 Publications

Climate Change webinars (parts 1 & 2)

We hear about climate change from the media, but the information can be confusing and politically charged. WSU soil scientist Craig Cogger presented a two-part webinar series to cut through the confusion and understand the science of climate change. View Part 1, What does the science really tell us about past and current climate trends? HERE. View Part 2, Climate models, skepticism, and our response to climate disruption HERE.

Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Columbia River Basin Agriculture through Integrated Crop Systems, Hydrologic, and Water Management Modeling

Rajagopalan, K., K. Chinnayakanahalli, J.C. Adam, C.S. Stockle, R. Nelson, M. Brady, M.E. Barber, S. Dinesh, K. Malek, G. Yorgey, C. Kruger, T. Marsh, and J. Yoder, 2011.  AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 6.

WSU Vegetable Research and Extension

Vegetable crop production and alternative crop development such as edamame, wasabi, bamboo, and organic seed production. Work is targeted for both small-scale and large commercial growers, with emphasis on organic production. Links include new fact sheets and information on grafted vegetables http://vegetables.wsu.edu/graftingVegetables.html .

Stability of anthocyanins in frozen and freeze-dried raspberries during long-term storage: In relation to glass transition

Syamaladevi, R. M., Sablani, S. S., Tang, J., Powers, J. and Swanson, B. G. 2011. Journal of Food Science 76: 414-421.

2010 Cost Estimates of Establishing and Producing Organic Apples in Washington

Galinato, Suzette P., David Granatstein and Mykel R. Taylor. 2011. 2010 Cost Estimates of Establishing and Producing Organic Apples in Washington. Washington State University Extension Fact Sheet FS041E. Excel workbook (enterprise budgets) available http://extecon.wsu.edu/pages/Enterprise_Budgets. Select “apples” for access to the FS041E workbook.

Can we grow more nutritious fruits and vegetables using organic farming methods?

(Recorded Webinar) Andrews, Preston. WSU. 2011.

Helping Sustain Agriculture in Africa

WSU scientist Lynne Carpenter-Boggs is working with an international group of scientists to help find bean varieties and microbial inoculates that will improve yields on the ancient soils that farms in many parts of Africa must contend with. Dr. Carpenter-Boggs took a Flip camera to Africa and shot some wonderful footage of farms, people and animals.

The economic value of biochar in crop production and carbon sequestration

Galinato, S., J. Yoder and D. Granatstein. 2011. Energy Policy, 39(10):6344-6350.

Herbicide contamination of dairy derived organic matter in Whatcom County: New developments in 2011

Burrows, C. 2011. WSU Whatcom County Extension. This article is an update on potential aminopyralid residue in manure, composted manure and silage. Mitigation actions include bioassay tests by composting facilities, outreach and education to prevent export of manure from operations where aminopyralid was applied, and proposed product label changes.

Extracting valuable energy, carbon and nutrient resources from organic waste

WSU scientists have conducted extensive research on Anaerobic Digestion (AD) as a technology for recovery of methane (energy), stable carbon, and nutrients from organic wastes such as manure, food processing wastes and the organic fraction of municipal solid wastes (OFMSW). Our research has evaluated the technical and economic performance of commercially available systems, developed improved AD reactors, and commercialized WSU patented nutrient recovery technology. This webinar, presented by CSANR director Chad Kruger and CSANR scientist Craig Frear, will provide an update on the latest results from the WSU Climate Friendly Farming Project’s AD research.

Evaluation of Co-Digestion at a Commercial Dairy Anaerobic Digester

Frear, C., W. Liao, T. Ewing, and S. Chen. Clean – Soil, Air, Water 2011,39 (7), 697–704.

Executive Summary – Climate Change and Family Forest Landowners in Idaho

Schnepf, C., J. Creighton, A. Grotta, S. Kantor. 2011. Full report available here.

Climate Change and Family Forest Landowners in Oregon

Grotta, A., J. Creighton, C. Schnepf, S. Kantor. 2011.

Climate Change and Family Forest Landowners in Washington

Creighton, J., C. Schnepf, A. Grotta, S. Kantor. 2011.

Climate Change and Family Forest Landowners in Idaho

Schnepf, C., J. Creighton, A. Grotta, S. Kantor. 2011. Executive summary available here.

Climate Change and Family Forest Landowners in Alaska

Kantor, S., J. Creighton, C. Schnepf, A. Grotta. 2011.

The Second Solution: Agriculture’s Role – video featuring eastern Washington farmer John Aeschliman

The Northwest Biocarbon Initiative aims to galvanize farmers, foresters, community leaders, and thinkers to demonstrate the essential role that natural systems can play in ensuring long-term climate stability. The Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources is part of this collaboration with several of the Northwest’s leading conservation organizations who see this effort as a logical extension of our region’s rich natural resource heritage and our history of groundbreaking innovation and stewardship.

How family forest landowners in the Pacific Northwest perceive climate change

Private forest landowners in the Pacific Northwest and elsewhere face the same challenges as public land managers with regard to changing forest conditions. However, little is known regarding the understanding family forest landowners have about climate change and the potential impacts on how they manage their forests. Consequently, the degree to which private landowners are prepared to respond effectively is unknown. To make sure new research and extension programming related to climate change and western forests is as useful as possible for family forest owners, researchers at three universities conducted a needs assessment in Alaska, Idaho, Oregon and Washington to determine family forest owners’ perceptions, understanding, and educational needs regarding the impact of climate change on their forests. The Oregon, Washington, Alaska and Idaho reports are linked here, as well as an executive summary of the Idaho report.

Compost Trials in Newly Planted Orchards

Smith, T. 1995-1997. This WSU Chelan-Douglas County Extension website summary features results from in-orchard compost trials in North Central Washington. Report includes an overview of compost materials and use in orchards.

Those Nasty Weeds – Why Not Control Naturally with Livestock

Managed grazing update provided by Extension Educator Steve Van Vleet. Sept 2011.

A Fine Thin Skin – wind, water, valcanoes and ice

Steury, 2011.  Article highlighting CSANR soil research in Washington State Magazine.

Above & Beyond

Sudermann, 2011.  Article highlighting CSANR climate change research in Washington State Magazine.

Methods for Producing Biochar and Advanced Biofuels in Washington State Part 1: Literature Review of Pyrolysis Reactors

Garcia-Perez, M., T. Lewis, C. Kruger. 2011. Funding for this study is provided by the Washington State Department of Ecology with the intention to address the growing demand for information on the design of advanced pyrolysis units. This is the first of a series of reports exploring the use of biomass thermochemical conversion technologies to sequester carbon and to produce fuels and chemicals.

Anaerobic Co-Digestion on Dairies in Washington State – The solid waste handling permit exemption

WSU Extension Fact Sheet FS040E. Yorgey, G., C. Kruger, K. Steward, C. Frear, & N. Mena. August 2011.

Conventionalization, civic engagement, and the sustainability of organic agriculture

Goldberger, J. 2011. Journal of Rural Studies 27(3):288-296.

Biogas potential and microbial population distributions in flushed dairy manure and implications on anaerobic digestion technology

Frear, C., Wang, Z., Li, C., Chen, S., (2011). Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 86:145-152.

Oregon Organic Statistics 2010

July, 2011. Tables of organic cropland acres and county distribution for 2005-2010. Livestock numbers and farmgate sales are not included.

Potential nitrogen contributions from legumes in Pacific Northwest apple orchards

Mullinix, K. and Granatstein, D. 2011. Intl. J. Fruit Sci. 11:74-87.

Quality of Organically and Conventionally Grown Apples and Strawberries

Research on apple and strawberry by Dr. Preston Andrews, Dr. John Reganold, and Dr. Neil Davies.

An Integrated Pathogen Control, Ammonia and Phosphorus Recovery System for Manure and/or Organic Wastes

Q. Zhao, A. Jiang, L. Yu, C. Frear, and S. Chen. Poster presented June 2011.

WRDC Rural Connections Newsletter: Climate Change issue

Western Rural Development Center’s Rural Connections Newsletter Climate Change issue June 2011 contains three articles written by CSANR faculty and staff members. View the entire issue here (6 MB), or view the individual articles by clicking the titles here: Anaerobic Digestion in the Pacific Northwest; Climate Change and Family Forest Landowners in the Pacific Northwest: Attitudes & Understanding; Climate Change and Agriculture in the Pacific Northwest.

Stewardship Gardening: Compost

This WSU Master Gardeners website provides information for home gardeners on backyard composting, kitchen waste composting, and livestock manure composting.

Soils and Compost

This WSU Small Farms Team website provides links to various resources on compost science, operations and equipment, compost tea, and vermicomposting.

WSU Compost Facility

WSU operates a full scale composting facility on the Pullman campus to recycle organic waste, while providing teaching and research opportunities.

Composts and Nutrient Management

The WSU Puyallup Research Center faculty have conducted extensive work on compost, manure and biosolids. This website provides information on yard waste and food waste composts, clopyralid, calculating bulk density, nutrient management for organic systems and compost facility operator training events. The site has links to the Compost Mix Calculator the Organic Fertilizer Calculator and Center research publications.

Compost Images

An archive of digital photos of various aspects of agricultural composting and compost use to assist agricultural professionals and others in their education programs. Produced as part of the Compost Education and Resources for Western Agriculture project with funding from the Western SARE Program.

Organic Vineyard Management

WSU Viticulture and Enology Research and Extension. Contains links to articles, publications and posters.

Cover crops in orchards and vineyards

WSU Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center webpage. Contains links to additional resources and presentations.

An Integrated Pathogen Control, Ammonia and Phosphorus Recovery System for Manure and/or Organic Wastes

C. Frear. May 2011. PowerPoint presentation at 2011 AgSTAR Conference.

Overview of Biomass Pyrolysis Technologies – Historical developments and potential for the production of bio-char, advances fuels and high value chemicals

Recorded webinar (online presentation) from June 1st, 2011 by Manuel Garcia-Perez, PhD; Assistant Professor, Biological Systems Engineering. The reactors used for biomass pyrolysis can be classified into slow and fast pyrolysis. While slow pyrolysis reactors are mainly used to produce charcoal, fast pyrolysis is the technology of choice to maximize bio-oil yields. Yields as high as 80 wt can be obtained with this technology. During the webinar historical developments and potential of pyrolysis technologies for the production of bio-char, advanced fuels and high value chemicals are discussed.

Microbiology of Water: Irrigation to Ingredient

A powerpoint created by Dr. K. Killinger, WSU.

WSU Extension – Food Safety

WSU Food Safety website.

Mustard Types, Seed Sources & Acreage Estimates

Types of mustard for green manures, contacts for WA seed and estimates for mustard acreage by year.

Economic tradeoff between biochar and bio-oil production via pyrolysis

Yoder, J., S. Galinato, D. Granatstein and M. Garcia-Perez. 2011. Biomass and Bioenergy, 35(5):1851-1862.

2010 Current Status of Organic Agriculture in Washington State

PowerPoint presentation on certified crop and livestock trends.

Washington State Certified Organic Acreage, Sales and Dairy Cattle (2005-2010 tables)

Camelina Production in the Dryland Pacific Northwest

Hulbert,S., S. Guy, B. Pan, T. Paulitz, B. Schillinger, D. Wysocki, and K. Sowers. 2011. DRAFT Extension Fact Sheet.

Oilseed Production Case Studies in the Eastern Washington High Rainfall Zone

Sowers, K., D. Roe, and B. Pan. 2011. Extension Bulletin EM037E.

2011 Oilseed Production Workshops

Three oilseed crop production workshops were held the last week of January 2011 at Okanogan, Reardan and Colfax, Washington. Presenters included regional producers, university researchers, agency personnel, and industry representatives. Attendance surpassed 250 during the three days, indicating a renewed interest in utilizing oilseed crops for rotation benefits, potential economic advantages, high quality meal for livestock, and ‘home-grown’ biodiesel.

Organic Farming Systems and Nutrient Management

Beginning in 2002, organic amendments, cover crops, and soil quality have been investigated in our farming systems experiment. An interdisciplinary team is studying a range of issues important to smale scale, direct-market, and organic agriculture, including nutrient management, soil quality, weed management, economics, marketing, and on-farm research.

Status of Organic Tree Fruit in Washington State and Other Regions: 2010

(Revised Feb. 7, 2012)

Closing the recycling loop through organic amendments in agriculture and gardens

Recorded webinar (online presentation) from Jan 2011 by Craig Cogger, Crop and Soils Scientist and Extension Educator. This seminar discusses research and guidelines on soil amendment choices based on use, nitrogen availability, carbon sequestration potential, handling nutrient imbalances in organic amendments, and an update on herbicide issues in some composts.

High Residue Farming under Irrigation – Workshops

Digests and agendas from yearly WSU Extension High Residue Farming under Irrigation workshops in Moses Lake, Washington. 2004 to present.

High Residue Farming under Irrigation: Strip-till

Extension Bulletin EM036E. Strip-tillage is a low-impact cultivation technique suited to irrigated land with a lot of residue from a previous crop. A strip-till system creates both clean-till and high-residue conditions in the same field, taking advantage of both systems while minimizing drawbacks. This publication discusses the benefits of this system, as well as equipment needed, general management concerns, and how to get started. A budget is also included to help growers determine the relative net cost of implementing this system.

High Residue Farming under Irrigation

Andy McGuire, Agricultural Systems Educator WSU Extension. Program website.

Organic Fruit Production

WSU Organic Fruit Production website at the Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center.

Smale-Scale Biogas Plant Enterprise Assessment Tool

A worksheet to facilitate preliminary planning for a biogas plant on a small farm.

Small-Scale Biogas Technology

With support from USDA Western Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education Program (Western SARE), CSANR developed a project to explore options for developing improved technology for applications in small farm settings in the US. Resources developed in the project are available on this site.

Bipolar effects of settling time on active biomass retention in anaerobic sequencing batch reactors digesting flushed dairy manure

Z. Wang, J. Ma, S. Chen. Bioresource Technology. Volume 102, Issue 2, January 2011, Pages 697–702.