Publications

Trends in Washington State Organic Berry Production, Acreage, and Crop Value

Kirby, E., M. Brady, and D. Granatstein.  WSU Extension Fact Sheet FS144E. 2014.

Precision Nitrogen Application: Eric Odberg Case Study

Yorgey, G., S. Kantor, K. Painter, H. Davis, and L. Bernacchi. 2014. Video and text farmer case study. Eric Odberg is a fourth generation farmer who practices no-till management and was an early adopter of variable rate nitrogen (VRN) application in the dryland production region of the Pacific Northwest.

Increasing resilience among cereal-based farmers in the Inland Pacific Northwest – Farmer to Farmer Case Studies

Yorgey, Georgine, Kathleen Painter, Hilary Davis, Kristy Borrelli, Sylvia Kantor, Leigh Bernacchi, R. Dennis Roe, Chad Kruger  2014.  Video and print case studies part of REACCH PNA project. The goal of these case studies to inspire others to take management risks on their farms that can improve their overall sustainability and resiliency into the future. Future case studies are in progress and will focus on farmers who manage water in irrigated systems, tillage practices and residue management in unique ways.

High Residue Farming Under Irrigation: Pest Management Considerations (series 4 of 4)

This publication is the fourth in a series on high residue farming (HRF), for farmers who are interested in HRF. This publication gives an overview of the effects of adopting HRF on the management of weeds, insects, and diseases. EM074E.

High Residue Farming Under Irrigation: Residue Management through Planting (series 3 of 4)

This publication is the third in a series on high residue farming (HRF), for farmers who are interested in HRF. It discusses residue management after harvest and explains how to plant crops into high residue conditions with a planter or drill. It also covers modifications for existing equipment such as planters and drills, and soil fertility adjustments that may be necessary. EM073E.

High Residue Farming Under Irrigation: Crop Rotation (series 2 of 4)

This publication is the second in a series on high residue farming (HRF), for farmers who are interested in HRF. It discusses how to choose a cropping sequence, choosing specific cover crops, and special crop considerations for irrigated cropping systems in the far western United States. It includes a very helpful table of crops that shows the relative difficulty of specific rotations. EM072E.

High Residue Farming Under Irrigation: What and Why (series 1 of 4)

This publication is the first in a series on high residue farming (HRF), for farmers who are interested in HRF. It provides an overview of HRF, including the benefits and challenges. It also discusses some special considerations for HRF in the irrigated agriculture regions of the far western United States. EM071E.

High Residue Farming under Irrigation: Strip-till

Extension Bulletin EM036E. Strip-tillage is a low-impact cultivation technique suited to irrigated land with a lot of residue from a previous crop. A strip-till system creates both clean-till and high-residue conditions in the same field, taking advantage of both systems while minimizing drawbacks. This publication discusses the benefits of this system, as well as equipment needed, general management concerns, and how to get started. A budget is also included to help growers determine the relative net cost of implementing this system. Originally published Jan 2011; revised Sept 2014.

The Rationale for Recovery of Phosphorus and Nitrogen from Dairy Manure

Yorgey, G., C. Frear, C. Kruger, T. Zimmerman. 2014. WSU Extension Fact Sheet FS136E.

Perspective on Dietary Risk Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Organic Food

Benbrook, C. and B. Baker. May 2014. Sustainability.

Productivity, economics, and fruit and soil quality of weed management systems in commercial organic orchards in Washington State, USA

Granatstein, D., P. Andrews, and A. Groff. May 2014. Organic Agriculture. DOI 10.1007/s13165-014-0068-0

Certified organic acreage and sales in Washington State: 2013

Detailed tables showing specific crop acreages from 2006-2013, farm numbers and organic acres by county, and organic farm gate sales by county (through 2012).

Current status of certified organic agriculture in Washington State: 2013

A summary of the 2013 organic crop acres, livestock numbers and organic farm gate sales in the state.  Includes multi-year graphs of selected crops. Powerpoint format.

Site-Specific Trade-offs of Harvesting Cereal Residues as Biofuel Feedstocks in Dryland Annual Cropping Systems of the Pacific Northwest, USA

Huggins, D.R., C.E. Kruger, K.M. Painter, D.P. Uberuaga. BioEnergy Research. June 2014, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 598-608.

BioEarth: Envisioning and developing a new regional earth system model to inform natural and agricultural resource management

Adam, J. C., J. C. Stephens, S. H. Chung, M. P. Brady, R. D. Evans, C. E. Kruger, B. K. Lamb, M. Liu, C. O. Stöckle, J. K. Vaughan, K. Rajagopalan, J. A. Harrison, C. L. Tague, A. Kalyanaraman, Y. Chen, A. Guenther, F. Leung, L. R. Leung, A. B. Perleberg, J. Yoder, E. Allen, S. Anderson, B. Chandrasekharan, K. Malek, T. Mullis, C. Miller, T. Nergui, J. Poinsatte, J. Reyes, J. Zhu, J. S. Choate, X. Jiang, R. Nelson, J. Yoon, G. G. Yorgey, K. Johnson, K. J. Chinnayakanahalli, A. F. Hamlet, B. Nijssen, and V. Walden. Climatic Change, 2014. (DOI) 10.1007/s10584-014-1115-2

Nitrogen Management and Climate Change Mitigation in Pacific Northwest Cropping Systems

Yorgey, G. 2014. Recorded webinar. Part of Pacific Northwest Agriculture and Climate Change Webinar Series available here: http://csanr.wsu.edu/webinars/pnw-ag-and-climate-change/ .

Nitrous Oxide Emissions in Inland Pacific Northwest Cropping Systems

Yorgey, G. 2014. Recorded webinar. Part of Pacific Northwest Agriculture and Climate Change Webinar Series available here: http://csanr.wsu.edu/webinars/pnw-ag-and-climate-change/ .   Flux Tower 3-minute video referenced in presentation.

Nitrogen Cycling and Losses in Agricultural Systems

Borrelli, K. 2014. Recorded webinar. Part of Pacific Northwest Agriculture and Climate Change Webinar Series available here: http://csanr.wsu.edu/webinars/pnw-ag-and-climate-change/ .

Management to Reduce N2O Emissions in Organic Vegetable Production Systems

Cogger, C., A. Fortuna, D. Collins. Feb 27, 2014. The second of a two-part webinar series on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Quality in Long-term Integrated and Transitional Reduced Tillage Organic Systems.

This is the focus of our current research. How do different organic vegetable production systems affect N2O emissions, and how do other outcomes of those systems affect their potential for adoption?

  • Systems include full tillage with high-carbon amendment (compost), full tillage with low carbon amendment (broiler litter), pasture-vegetable rotation, and reduced tillage cover crop mulch.
  • Measurements include N2O and CO2 emissions, soil N, microbial ecology focused on denitrification organisms, crop yield, and soil quality. Measurements are focused on key times during the season, including amendment application and tillage, irrigation, and freeze-thaw.

Intended audience is other researchers, and interested extension faculty and farmers.

Why the Concern about Nitrous Oxide Emissions?

Cogger, C., A. Fortuna, D. Collins. Feb 25, 2014. The first of a two-part webinar series on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Quality in Long-term Integrated and Transitional Reduced Tillage Organic Systems.

Topics for this webinar include:

  • Source and properties of N2O as a greenhouse gas, its relative contribution to global
  • warming, and the role of agriculture in N2O emissions
  • Review of the nitrogen cycle and the production of N2O
  • The relationship between organic practices and N2O production
  • How we measure N2O emissions

Intended audience is extension faculty and farmers who want a big picture perspective on why we’re interested in nitrous oxide emissions.

Organic Apple Market Update

Miles, Matt. Current situation as of Jan. 1, 2014 and comparison of trends for this year’s crop versus last year.  Powerpoint format.

Organic Tree Fruit Trends 2013

Granatstein, D. and E. Kirby.  Current statistics on acreage trends, varieties, shipments, prices, and exports. Powerpoint format.

Agriculture – Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation

Sanford D. Eigenbrode, Susan M. Capalbo, Laurie L. Houston, Jodi Johnson-Maynard, Chad Kruger, & Beau Olen. Chapter 6 in, Dalton, M.M., P.W. Mote, and A.K. Snover [Eds.]. 2013. Climate Change in the Northwest: Implications for Our Landscapes, Waters, and Communities. Washington, D.C. Island Press.

Pesticide Dietary Risk Analytical System

The M2M Dietary Risk Analytical System allows users to evaluate the pesticide residues and risks in food. Users can compare conventional and organic foods, foods grown in different countries and examine how pesticide residues have changed since the implementation of the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996.

Organic Production Enhances Milk Nutritional Quality by Shifting Fatty Acid Composition: A United States-Wide, 18-Month Study

Benbrook CM, Butler G, Latif MA, Leifert C, Davis DR (2013) PLoS ONE 8(12):e82429.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082429  Key findings and media coverage available HERE.

Dairy Waste Biorefinery

Kennedy, N., C. Frear, M. Garcia-Perez, C. Kruger, and S. Chen. 2013. Concept illustration and description.

Survey Highlights: Farmers Markets and the Experiences of Market Managers in Washington State

Ostrom, M. & Donovan, C. 2013.

Economics of Dairy Digesters in Washington State

Kennedy, N. 2013.  BioCycle Magazine. Feasibility study supports a shift from the conventional CHP model to a renewable natural gas (RNG) model that takes advantage of the accelerating move to natural gas fuels in the transportation sector.

Life cycle assessment of the potential carbon credit from no- and reduced-tillage winter wheat-based cropping systems in Eastern Washington State

Zaher, U, C. Stockle, K. Painter, S. Higgins. Agricultural Systems. November 2013. Volume 122, pages 73-78.

Organic Waste Biorefinery

Kennedy, N., C. Frear, M. Garcia-Perez, C. Kruger, and S. Chen. 2013. Concept illustration and description.

Summary Report: Farmers Markets and the Experiences of Market Managers in Washington State

Ostrom, M. and C. Donovan. 2013.

Review of emerging nutrient recovery technologies for farm-based anaerobic digesters and other renewable energy systems

Prepared for Innovation Center for US Dairy by Jingwei Ma, Nick Kennedy, Georgine Yorgey and Craig Frear.  Nov 2013.  Washington State University.

The effects of the antibiotics ampicillin, florfenicol, sulfamethazine, and tylosin on biogas production and their degradation efficiency during anaerobic digestion

Mitchell, S., J. Ullman, A. Teel, R. Watts, C. Frear.  Bioresource Technology Volume 149, December 2013, Pages 244–252.

Integrating Livestock into Dryland Organic Crop Rotations

Carpenter-Boggs, L., Painter, K., and Wachter, J. Recorded webinar presentation delivered October 22, 2013.  It covers a variety of reasons to integrate livestock into crop rotations, and summarizes past research on the topic. It is directed towards beginning growers interested in diversifying their income and crop rotations, towards educators and Extension workers, and towards a more general audience wanting to learn more about mixed crop-livestock systems.

Anaerobic Digestion

CSANR webpage.  Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a process in which organic matter is converted into methane by bacteria in the absence of oxygen. Under typical dairy farm conditions manure is stored in open ponds and applied to fields, where decomposition often occurs under anaerobic conditions. This leads to the natural, open-air production of methane, a greenhouse gas with more than 20 times the warming value of carbon dioxide. By enclosing, controlling and accelerating this natural anaerobic conversion process, not only can the methane be contained, but it can be converted to renewable energy, providing two mechanisms for carbon sequestration and global warming reduction – methane capture/conversion and fossil-fuel energy offset.

Critical Research Needs for Successful Food Systems Adaptation to Climate Change

Miller, M., M. Anderson, C. Francis, C. Kruger, C. Barford, J. Park, and B. McCown. 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2013.034.016   Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development.

Profile of Small Farms in Washington State Agriculture

Ostrom, M. & C. Donovan. 2013. WSU Fact Sheet FS072E.  The fact sheet shows overall trends in farm numbers and the structure of agriculture in Washington.

Anaerobic Digestion (AD) Technology Certificate Program

Website highlighting a WSU – Bellingham Technical College partnership to offer training for anaerobic digestion technicians.  Full curriculum, videos and more available online.

Irrigated Ag Information Service

A new WSU Extension website for agricultural industry professionals is designed to provide users with a customizable source of timely information on all aspects of irrigated agriculture. The service is completely free and was developed by a team of WSU Extension irrigation and agronomy experts.

Researching Farmer Characteristics and Strategically Deploying the Data

Recorded webinar presented Sept 25, 2013 by WSU Small Farms Program’s Colleen Donovan.  Hosted by Farmers Market Coalition.

Educational Opportunities

CSANR Educational Opportunities pages include WSU degree program information and continuing education opportunities.

Statistics on Organic Agriculture

Kirby, E. & D. Granatstein. CSANR’s organic statistics webpages.

Measure to Manage

Program page for the Measure to Manage (M2M) program at CSANR.  Farm and food diagnostics for sustainability and health.

International Quinoa Research Symposium Broadcast Webinar

Recordings from August 12-14, 2013 symposium.

Efficient Use of Algal Biomass Residues for Biopower Production with Nutrient Recycle: Final Project Report

Jarvis, E. R. Davis, C. Frear. Aug 2013.

Anaerobic Digestion Systems: Integrating emerging technologies to improve environmental and economic impact

C. Frear, C.Kruger, H. Collins, M. Garcia-Perez, C. Stockle, R. Shumway, G. Astill, T. Ewing, N. Kennedy, T. Khalil, and G. Yorgey. July 2013. Academic Poster.

2011-2013 Anaerobic Digestion Related R&D Research Summary for WSU ARC/WSDA Appendix-A Funds

Frear, C, M. Garcia-Perez, C. Kruger, S. Chen. 2013.

Methanosarcina domination in anaerobic sequencing batch reactor at short hydraulic retention time

J. Ma, B. Zhao, C. Frear, Q. Zhao, L. Yu, X. Li, S. Chen. June 2013.Bioresource Technology Volume 137, June 2013, Pages 41–50.

Soil Fertility in Organic Systems: A Guide for Gardeners and Small Acreage Farmers

Collins,D. C. Miles, C. Cogger, R. Koenig. 2013.  Pacific Northwest Extension Publication PNW646.

REACCHPNA Monitoring Greenhouse Gases with the Eddy Covariance Flux Tower (3 min)

May 2013. This video describes how researchers at WSU monitor greenhouse gas exchanges in cereal-based cropping systems using the eddy covariance flux tower. Includes description of flux tower components. This work is part of the REACCH PNA research project.

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