Waste to Fuels (W2F)

CSANR has long recognized that our organic waste streams [including food scraps, manures, processing water, straw, and fats, oils and grease (FOG)] provide biomass available for conversion to renewable energy, transportation fuels, and bio-products. While not providing sufficient mass and outputs to meet stated national renewable fuel goals, there is nonetheless substantial wasted biomass within our urban and rural areas. The use of such material is a win/win in that it can simultaneously produce valuable renewable products while also reducing existing environmental threats that result from present landfilling, improper field disposal, burning/incineration, etc.

CSANR is thus working towards a world “beyond waste.” We are developing and demonstrating treatment and conversion technologies that efficiently utilize various organic feeds. To support commercialization of these waste management technologies, our work evaluates and enhances economic viability by reducing processing costs and maximizing co-product value.

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We are also working to maximize synergies and interconnections between technologies, through biorefinery systems approaches. These systems utilize a suite of interchangeable treatment technologies to achieve impact and viability greater than individual parts. This approach is summarized in our video, “Anaerobic Digestion: Beyond Waste Management” (a dairy farm-based system) and illustrated biorefinery concept documents for a municipal organics solids processing system and dairy, above.

Each of these technologies as well as their interconnections, eco-system benefits, and co-product markets are being actively researched and demonstrated through CSANR support. More information is available on our Projects page.


Many publications, presentations, videos, webinars and posters have be produced by this program.  To browse by topic, please view the Waste Management, Nutrient Recovery and Energy pages.  All Waste 2 Fuels Program publications are available HERE.

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 Waste to Fuels (Home)

Organic Waste Biorefinery

Dairy Waste Biorefinery



Organic Waste Biorefinery

Organic Waste Biorefinery document

Dairy Waste Biorefinery

Dairy Waste Biorefinery document